Listed in 1 collection

Listed at 1 museum

Listed for 1 maker

Quick Details

Carriage Type


Date of Production

circa 1890

Accession or Inventory Number


Materials used

Paint, Wood, Iron, Leather, Wool Box Cloth, Bone, Brass, Silk, Rubber

Summary of Double Brougham

This Double Brougham has a standard angular appearance but has slightly more unusual ¾ elliptic springs. Painted in blue and upholstered in black buttoned leather. Made by Palmer of Dover.

The first brougham was commissioned in 1837 by Henry Peter Brougham (1778-1868). He wanted “a refined and glorified street cab, which would make a convenient carriage for a gentleman”, unlike his usual form of transport, probably a town coach or chariot, both far larger and heavier. He designed a carriage that would be light and compact, needing just one horse and a coachman – ideal for use on busy streets. The body would be low for easy access and should carry two people and be “closed and intimate thus allowing the occupants to conduct a private conversation whilst travelling”. His ideas were rejected by his usual coachbuilder so he took them to another, Robinson & Cook. They agreed to build the vehicle and it was called the Brougham by his Lordship’s express permission. Lord Brougham’s brainchild was an instant success and, within a few years, broughams were being built in vast numbers wherever carriages of Western European style were used. They were particularly popular with professional and middle class families, and became the everyday carriages of the wealthy and the aristocracy.


Height: 6ft 4”

Length: 10ft 6”

Width: 5ft 2”

Front wheel diameter:

Rear wheel diameter: 3ft 7”

Full description

An example of a Double Brougham with a standard angular profile with sunken footboard between moulded brackets, the roof and upper panels are covered in leather. The carriage has an open futchell forecarriage on an iron perch and sprung with elliptic springs. The coachmans’s seat has rails and a blue wool cloth valance. Each door has a sliding window and T bar handle with the covers for the iron steps to mount the inside of the carriage attached. At the front of the carriage are two rectangular windows and two further windows, one on each side forming a glass front. All of the window frames are covered with blue wool cloth. 

The wheels are 12 and 14 spoke English pattern and were once rubber shod, the rubber is now missing, on collinge patent axles. A lever brake is fitted. 

Due to the paintwork having deteriorated it is difficult to decipher the original colour as the brougham appears to be black on the body and undercarriage. It may have originally been dark blue. There are two heraldic digits on each door. The interior has black buttoned leather upholstery with blue broadlace and ivory furniture.


On the axle caps: PALMER DOVER

Condition report

This brougham needs its wheels assessing and the rubber replacing. The coachman’s seat valance needs conserving and the interior and paintwork given a thorough clean.

Access information

This Double Brougham is in the care of York Castle Museum.

York Museums Trust
St Mary’s Lodge
North Yorkshire
YO30 7DR
United Kingdom

Tel: 01904 687687

Picture credit

York Castle Museum